08 Mar 2021

Europe has an exit plan from the financial Covid19 crisis and is called the Recovery and Resilience Facility. €672.5 billion will be made available in loans and grants to support reforms and investments undertaken by Member States; out of those €312.5 billion as grants and €360 billion as loans, and part of the money will be destined to businesses operating in EU Member States. The aim is to support the recovery of the European economy and simultaneously to foster the Green Deal and our Digital Transformation. In particular, a minimum of 37% of total expenditure will have to be allocated for climate investments and reforms and the funds have to be used up until 2026. This is a golden opportunity for companies to get access to the funds for investments on cycling (ebikes, bike sharing, infrastructure, etc.) as a sustainable and clean mode of transport to help achieve the Green Deal objectives.

The scope of the Recovery and Resilience Facility is structured around six pillars:

  • Green transition
  • Digital transformation
  • Growth, jobs and cohesion
  • Social and territorial cohesion
  • Health, economic, social and institutional resilience
  • Policies for the next generation

Additionally, the European Commission has set flagships and strongly encourages Member States to include in their investment and reform plans the area of ‘’recharge and refuel’’ which is described as the promotion of future-proof clean technologies to accelerate the use of sustainable, accessible and smart transport, charging and refuelling stations.

So far, there is information that some Member States have already included in their draft proposals the intention to direct funds in sustainable mobility plans, such as Romania €9.7 bn, Italy €7.55 bn, and Portugal €1 bn[1]. Additionally, there are Member States that in their draft proposals intent to address funds specifically to bicycle infrastructure, like Belgium €250 mil, and Slovakia € 100 mil[2].

Furthermore, Member States like Belgium, Italy, and Latvia have come front with proposals for concrete cycling plans for investments, which foster safe bicycle infrastructure and support multimodality (see table below).

Table a.

*Source: European Cyclists Federation


How to Access the Grants

First of all, the funds of the Recovery and Resilience Facility will be made available via the national recovery and resilience funds. In principle any company that is active and operates in an EU Member State can potentially have access to the grants, given that they have a project that falls in the previous categories.

Member States have to prepare their recovery and resilience plans and explain their reforms and public investment projects (see table b). The national Ministries responsible for allocating the funds can vary depending on the Member State; it could be Ministry of Finance, Regional Development, etc.

There is a specific timeline and deadlines for Member States and for the European Union.

Step 1:

Member States will have to run a Public Consultation and afterwards present their Recovery and Resilience Plans to the European Commission by April 30th, 2021.

  • Start engaging with Member States and get all the information available.

Step 2:

The European Commission will assess the received Member State plans and publish a Council decision by June 30th , 2021.

  • Start working on structuring your projects always in line with the European Semester priorities, the Member States National Reform Plan, and along State aid requirements.

Step 3:

The Council will adopt its Implementing Decision by the end of July 2021 and from there on 70% of the grants should be made available to businesses by Member States by December 21st 2022 and the remaining 30% by December 31st, 2023.

  • Apply for the grants as soon as possible.

Information on National Recovery and Resilience Plans by Member States:

Table b.

ProposalMember State
Not SubmittedAustria
Submitted, publishedBelgium
Submitted, published, new draft expectedBulgaria
Submitted, not publishedCroatia
Submitted, publishedCyprus
Submitted, published, rejectedCzech Republic
Submitted, not publishedDenmark
Not submittedEstonia
Submitted, not published (some info here)Finland
Submitted, publishedFrance
Submitted, publishedGermany
Submitted, publishedGreece
Submitted, publishedHungary
Not submittedIreland
Submitted, published, new draft expectedItaly
Submitted, publishedLatvia
Not submittedLithuania
Not submittedLuxembourg
Not submittedMalta
Not submittedNetherlands
Not submittedPoland
Submitted, publishedPortugal
Submitted, published, rejectedRomania
Submitted, publishedSlovakia
Submitted, not published (general info here), rejectedSlovenia
Submitted, publishedSpain
Submitted, not published (general info here)Sweden


Next week, ECF is organizing two members-only webinars. Furthermore, CIE, with the support of ECF, is planning to organize a webinar CIE members-only to provide more guidance on the topic.


[1] European Cyclists Federation

[2] European Cyclists Federation

Share on Linkedin Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Subscribe to our newsletter